Guangzhou, also known as Canton, is a port on the Pearl River, navigable to the South China Sea. The area is famous for overseas Chinese because it has been the home town of millions migrants who created Chinatowns around the world, where many westerners first get in touch with Chinese food, social customs.Guangzhou is the capital city of Guangdong Province, located 182 kilometers away from Hong Kong; it is China’s largest and most prosperous city in the south. Guangzhou is the trade center of south China and hosts annual spring and autumn exports fairs. Due to its convenient location, Guangzhou has international air routes link it to Bangkok, Manila, Singapore, Sidney and Melbourne. Daily flights, trains, ships and hovercraft go between the city and Hong Kong.The topography is higher in the northeast, lower in the southwest. North and northeast are mountainous area with waters, south is an alluvial plain – the Pearl River Delta. Guangzhou enjoys a subtropical monsoon climate. There is neither intense heat in summer nor severe cold in winter. It enjoys plenty rainfall and evergreen in four seasons. The average temperature is 22.8, the average relative humidity is about 68%, and the annual rainfall at the urban area is over 1,600 mm.
Guangzhou is a famous cultural city with a history of more than 2,200 years. As early as the Chou Period, in the 9th century BC, there were exchanges between the Baiyue people of Guangzhou and the people of the Chu State in the middle reaches of Yangtze River. The name “Chu Ting”, which was the earliest name of Guangzhou, originated in the 33rd year of Emperor Qin Shihuang (214 BC). Qin unified Lingnan, Nanhai prefecture (the Capital was built at “Panyu”) and in the year of 226, in order to strengthen his rule, Sun Quan divided the original Jiaozhou into two parts- Jiaozhou and Guangzhou, name of Guangzhou was established. When the municipal council was set up in 1921, Guangzhou became the city it is today.Three feudal dynasties, Nanyue, Nanhan and Nanming, chose Guangzhou as their capital. During the Qin (221 B.C. to 206 B.C) and Han (206 B.C. to A.D. 220) Dynasties, Guangzhou was a prosperous city. It was the earliest trade port in China and was the starting point of the “Silk Road of the Sea” beginning with the Han (206 B.C. to A.D. 220) and Tang (A.D. 618 to A.D.907) Dynasties.Here is some Guangzhou travel information:Guangzhou Attractions:
White Cloud Hills Scenic Region
Chen Clan Academy
Temple of the Six Banyan Trees
Sun Yat-sen Memorial HallGuangzhou Restaurants:
Add: #151, Longjin Rd., West
Add: #2, Wenchang Rd.
Tel: 81888388Nanhai Seafood Restaurant
Add: No.350, Huanshi Rd., East
Tel: 83806111Guangzhou International Restaurant
Add: #117, Liuhua Rd.
Tel: 86677513Suggested Guangzhou Tours:Guangzhou City Tour from $26
Pick up at your Guangzhou hotel lobby and transfer to visit the Chen Clan Academy. It is not only an important heritage site under protection by the country, it is also a local Guangdong handicraft museum. Continue to visit the Dr. Sun Yat-sen’s Memorial Hall, a landmark of Guangzhou. After lunch, you will go to visit the Nanyue King’s Tomb Museum in Tang Dynasty. The tomb has a history of more than 2,000 years and it is the oldest underground structure ever discovered in southern China.For more information, you can check china-tour.cn